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Back to Basics: types of angel groups

Paul Clark
Paul Clark
Last updated: June 10, 2024
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Angel investment groups come in many flavors. Does it matter to know the different types? Potentially, yes:

  • as an entrepreneur aiming to pitch, knowing whether an investor is a network or fund can help you understand if you are a good fit for each other
  • as a potential investor evaluating the different types of angel investment methods, knowing how local options work is key
  • as a community thinking about forming a group, understanding the different options can help you design a platform that can be successful, and sustainable, in your location.

Here is our outline of the different flavors of angel investment groups.

VentureSouth is a network of angel membership groups, run by a professional team, whose members meet in person to help individuals invest their own capital in early stage companies across the southeast.

This is what each of the terms in bold mean and how they might be changed.

Network vs. single group. Some groups are “single groups” that operate independently. Other groups band together in “networks” of groups and operate more collectively – from mostly-autonomous "collectives" to centrally-coordinated “firms.”

Angel membership groups vs. committed capital funds. Some entities are committed capital funds – meaning investors fund a pot upfront and then decide how to invest it over time. An investor might have to invest at least $25,000, which gets invested over 2-5 years. Other groups have a membership model where people join the group first and later make investments if they choose.

Professional team vs. volunteers or member-led. Some groups are led by part-time volunteers, often drawn from their members. Others are led by full time professionals.

Meeting in person vs. online / virtual. Some groups are “virtual” platforms where investors pitch by video and diligence is conducted online. Others (like us) require pitches by entrepreneurs to investors in person and conduct due diligence face-to-face.

Individuals’ private capital vs. public money, grants, etc. Most angel groups invest money that come from individuals investing their own money. Other entities are funded by the state or some other public, grant, or corporate entity.

Early stage companies vs. seed funding, or venture capital. Some groups invest $10k-$50k in ideas; others (like us) invest $250-500k in early-stage or companies “going to market”; others invest in later stage “growth” rounds of $2-10M. (The terminology here is not very precise. “Seed” to us means “before an angel investment,” but “seed” can mean “a small VC round” or “an angel round.”)

Across the southeast vs. locally-focused. Some angel groups (especially online platforms) will invest anywhere or cover a national geography. Others are very focused on a small area. Most are interested in a 2-4 hour driving radius of their center.

When you factor all these together in combination (and add it how due diligence is organized, how often groups meet, how active they are, how the fees work, how the actual investments are executed, and many more) you can see how groups can vary significantly. Just in Charlotte alone, as William Bissett discussed on his site, there are different flavors to sample.

Some nearby examples:

We'll provide our thoughts on the pros and cons of different structures in future posts. (See the recap up here for efficient linking!)